Three Things You Need To Know About Pug Dog Encephalitis

Posted by on Jul 27, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Three Things You Need To Know About Pug Dog Encephalitis

There are many health problems that can affect pugs, including pug dog encephalitis. This is an inflammation of the brain that only affects pugs. Here are three things you need to know about pug dog encephalitis. What are the signs of pug dog encephalitis? Usually, this condition strikes quickly, and it often affects pugs between the ages of two and three years old. Since pug dog encephalitis causes brain inflammation, affected pugs exhibit neurological symptoms like seizures or a loss of muscle coordination. Your pug’s personality may also change; aggression or agitation that are out of character may be caused by the inflammation. There are two different classifications of pug dog encephalitis. In slow progressive cases, the seizures only last for a few minutes and then don’t occur again for weeks. In between these episodes, affected pugs seem normal and healthy. In rapid progressive cases, the seizures happen frequently, and in between seizures, the pugs exhibit additional symptoms. What causes pug dog encephalitis? Recent research has shown that pug dog encephalitis is a genetic disease. According to UC Davis Veterinary Medicine, 11% of pugs carry two copies of the gene markers associated with this disease, and one in eight of these dogs will develop the disease at some point during their lives. Genetic testing can be performed to find out if your dog has these genes, but since the test only shows that they have a raised risk of the disease, no that they will definitely develop it, it may cause unnecessary anxiety for you and your family. Your vet can help you decide if genetic testing is a good option for your pug. Can pug dog encephalitis be treated? Pug dog encephalitis can’t be cured, so sooner or later, all pugs that are affected by this disease will eventually succumb to it. However, treatments are available to control the symptoms and help your pug live a healthy life. These medications include anti-inflammatories, immunosuppressives, and anti-convulsants. If your pug needs to take a lot of medications, use a pill tray and an alarm clock to keep track of their doses. Try hiding their pills inside favorite snacks, like cheese or peanut butter, to make them think they’re getting a special treat. If your pug is suffering from seizures, take them to a vet, like Robert Irelan DVM, right away. Seizures can be a sign of pug dog encephalitis, a serious genetic disease of...

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Three Things Pug Owners Need To Know About Exposure Keratopathy

Posted by on Jul 27, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Three Things Pug Owners Need To Know About Exposure Keratopathy

Pugs are adorable pets, but the features that make them cute—their flat faces and bulging eyes—also put them at risk of health problems. Exposure keratopathy is one of the many health problems that your pug is at risk of. Here are three things pug owners need to know about exposure keratopathy. What is exposure keratopathy? Keratopathy is a medical term that refers to any disease or damage that affects the cornea, which is the tissue that covers the front of the eyes. Exposure keratopathy occurs when the cornea is exposed to the elements, instead of being protected by the eyelids. This lets the cornea get dried out. If your pug develops exposure keratopathy, you may notice that their eyes look red or irritated. Since dried out eyes are uncomfortable, your pug may also try to rub their eyes with their paws. Why is it a problem for pugs? Your pug’s anatomy puts them at risk of exposure keratopathy. Since pugs are bred to have flat faces, they don’t have enough room in their skulls for their eye sockets. This forces their eyes forwards, leading to the bulging appearance that pugs are famous for. The problem with these bulging eyes is that your pet may not be able to close their eyes fully when they blink or sleep. If you look at your pug while they’re sleeping, you may notice that a sliver of their eye is still visible from between their eyelids. How is exposure keratopathy treated? Exposure keratopathy needs to be treated to protect your pet’s eyes. If their eyes are allowed to remain dry and exposed to the elements, they could develop corneal abrasions or even become blind. To keep your pug’s eyes moist and protected, your vet may prescribe a lubricating eye drop or ointment. To apply the drops or ointment, sit behind your pug and hold them between your knees. As you pet their head, apply the medication to their eyes. If they don’t want to cooperate, try distracting them with cheese, peanut butter or another tasty snack. Once the process is done, praise your pug. This makes them associate the eye drops with snacks and attention from you, so they won’t struggle as much. If your pug has trouble closing their eyelids and now has red, irritated eyes, they may be suffering from exposure keratopathy. This uncomfortable condition can be treated with eye drops or ointment, so see your vet or dog care provider right...

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4 Reasons To Have Your Pet Vaccinated

Posted by on Jul 19, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on 4 Reasons To Have Your Pet Vaccinated

You probably care about your pet’s health just as much as your own. That should be reason enough to have your pet vaccinated on a regular basis. However, the list of reasons why pet vaccinations are important is quite extensive. Read on and discover just a few of the reasons why it is important to have your pet vaccinated. It Is The Law Although vaccination laws vary from state to state, there is one law that is universal among all fifty states: it is illegal to not have your pet vaccinated. The punitive measures that can be brought against you for not having your pet vaccinated also vary from state to state, but as an example, in the state of New York, not having your pet vaccinated means that you could face a fine of up to $200, and, worse yet, if your pet has not been vaccinated against rabies and winds up biting a human, he or she could wind up quarantined for ten days or, worse yet, euthanized. Vaccinations Can Prevent a Fatality If your pet winds up with a case of rabies, it is unfortunate to say that, there is an almost certain chance that it will die. If your pet does make it through the disease, there is also a high chance that it will suffer from neurological damage. Rabies vaccines can prevent the disease from being transmitted, and, as such, can help to save your beloved pet’s life. Vaccinations Can Help Take Preventative Measures Against Diseases Transmitted to You Not all diseases that an animal contracts are exclusive to that species. For example, if your pet has contracted a disease like leptospirosis or rabies, it can pass the disease onto you. By vaccinating your pet, you are also helping to take preventative measures against diseases transmitted to you. You should feel especially compelled to have your pet vaccinated if you have elderly or young people in your household, or if there is someone in your family who has a weakened immune system. Vaccinations Can Help Prevent Hepatitis Hepatitis is another disease that can affect your pet in a severe manner, and can, in many cases, be fatal. Hepatitis is known for causing liver disease in beloved pets. This can cause your pet to suffer from issues ranging from vomiting to severe stomach pains and, in some cases, can even lead to a fatality. However, vaccinations can easily prevent your pet from contracting this awful disease....

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Hamster Healing: When Does Your Hamster Need A Vet?

Posted by on Jul 5, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Hamster Healing: When Does Your Hamster Need A Vet?

Hamsters are typically considered low maintenance pets that don’t need to see a professional. Hamsters do not require immunizations or routine health check-ups, but sometimes they do need emergency care. Which situations might require your hamster to visit a vet? Here are a few.  Broken Bones Hamsters have small, fragile bones that can be easily broken due to falls or being handled in a rough manner.  If your hamster is limping or doesn’t seem to be able to move, it might have a broken leg. Carefully place your hamster in a small container lined with a towel or other soft surface and head to a veterinarian for small animals.  In most cases, a veterinarian will prescribe pain medication and antibiotics to prevent infection. The vet may instruct you to separate the animal from other hamsters in a smaller cage that will be better for healing.  Sometimes a vet may actually make a tiny splint or bandage for a hamster’s broken bone.  Lumps If your hamster develops a mysterious lump or bump, it could be life threatening. Take your furry friend to a veterinarian for a diagnosis. You hamster could have an infection from a bite or scratch, or it could be a tumor.  Your small animal vet will probably clean out an infected area and then prescribe an antibiotic. A tumor can potentially be surgically removed.  Irritated Skin You may notice your hamster scratching a specific spot, losing hair in one place or developing flaky or red patches on its skin. This can happen for a number of reasons, including ringworm, allergies and infection.  Your veterinarian can diagnose the problem and provide medication and treatment as well as advice on how to keep the problem from occurring again. Your hamster might be reacting to irritating bedding or something else in its environment.  Wet-Tail This disease can happen in any small animal, but it is particularly common in hamsters. Wet-tail is often caused by stress and can occur when a sudden change is made to a hamster’s environment, such as the loss of a hamster friend or a cage relocation.  If your hamster is suffering from wet-tail, it will have smelly diarrhea and not be interested in food. It may also avoid activity.  Wet-tail can be fatal to hamsters, so contact a vet if symptoms occur. Your small animal veterinarian may recommend an over the counter product or might prescribe medication.  Hamsters may be small, but they sometimes need veterinary care just like other pets. Know the signs that your hamster is suffering, so you can keep your tiny companion healthy and...

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Five Things You Can Do To Keep An Outdoor Cat Safe

Posted by on Jun 1, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Five Things You Can Do To Keep An Outdoor Cat Safe

If you have a cat that spends time outdoors, they might run into some safety issues that indoor cats would not. If, for whatever reason, your cat will be spending time outside, make sure to take into consideration a few safety measures. Here are five things that you might want to look into in order to keep an outdoor cat safer. 1. Spayed or Neutered Most veterinarians will recommend having cats spayed or neutered not only to keep cat populations down, but also because this is healthier for your cat. Aside from keeping female cats from getting pregnant, fixed cats won’t roam as much or be as likely to get into fights with other cats. Outdoor cats will have an advantage if they are fixed and will be less aggressive overall. 2. Immunization When you first bring home your cat, be sure to get your pet on an immunization schedule at your vet’s office to keep your cat healthy. There might be additional vaccinations that your vet will recommend to keep your cat safer in an outdoor environment. If you were originally planning on keeping your cat indoors and this has changed, be sure to let your vet know. 3. Enclosures and Hard-to-Jump Fencing If your cat loves sitting in the sun or being with the family in the yard, there are ways you can limit their roaming past this point. If you have fencing in your yard that cats can still scale, adding chicken wire, screened material, or lattice to the top at an angle turning inward can thwart most escape efforts and can keep cats close to home. 4. Collars and Microchips Even if your cat doesn’t go far when they are outside, it is still a good idea to have your cat set up with a collar, microchip, or both. If your cat wanders too far or gets hurt, they will be easily identifiable and can get back to you quickly and safely. 5. Flea and Tick Treatments Spending time outdoors can make your cat susceptible to other pests that commonly wouldn’t find a way into your home on their own. By preemptively treating your cat for fleas and ticks, they can stay pest-free. If you do catch a flea on your cat, be sure to treat them immediately and look out for worms that become a secondary issue. Some cats are just programmed to be outdoors or this arrangement might fit your household better. If so, make sure that your cat is set up with all of the necessary precautions to make the outdoors a safer place for them to enjoy. If you have any concerns on your specific situation, run them by your veterinarian as...

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When You Notice A Growth On Your Dog’s Body: Information For You

Posted by on Apr 19, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on When You Notice A Growth On Your Dog’s Body: Information For You

As an avid pet owner, your pet is like another child to you. Because of this connection and bond with your dog, you want to do everything that you can to keep them happy and healthy. However, sometimes there are health elements that you just cannot control. If, one day, you are petting your dog and you notice a lump or growth on their body, you may wonder what the growth means and how you can help your dog get to feeling better as soon as possible. Get to know some of the steps that you can take to help your dog get the care that they need and get healthy as soon as possible. Understand The Possible Types of Growths The first step when you notice a strange growth on your dog’s body is to take it checked out by your veterinarian or at an animal hospital. But it is also important to know that there are many different types of growths that your dog can develop and what they are. The most common are known as lipomas. A lipoma is a fatty tumor that is benign (non-cancerous). The older your dog gets, the more likely they are to develop some type of lipoma. Oftentimes, these remain small growths under the surface of the skin. However, some lipomas have been known to grow quite large and begin to interfere with muscle function and the like. Other possible growths on your dog’s body can be more problematic. Dogs can develop melanoma, a form of skin cancer, and those growths are often on the exterior surface of the skin and may appear black or red. And, of course, your dog may also develop benign, pus-filled cysts. Know The Diagnostic And Treatment Procedures When you take your dog in to the animal hospital, your veterinarian will first examine the growth and check the rest of your dog’s body for any additional growths. Then, depending on whether or not the growth is on the surface of the skin or beneath it, they will either remove the growth or aspirate it. To aspirate a growth means that the vet will use a needle to remove some of the fluid or cells inside of it so that the sample can be analyzed under a microscope. If the growth cannot be aspirated or is a suspected melanoma, the veterinarian will remove it completely to avoid spreading the malignancy. Generally speaking, removal is the best treatment option for most growths. However, if the growth is a lipoma and it does not cause your dog discomfort or other health issues, it may not need to be removed unless it begins to grow. Additionally, if your dog has cancer, they may need chemotherapy or radiation therapy in addition to growth removal. Now that you know what to expect when you find a growth on your dog’s body, you can better handle the situation and get your dog the care they need as quickly as possible. Regarding animal hospitals, click here for more about this topic or do an online...

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Four Things To Know About Having A Pet Hedgehog

Posted by on Feb 22, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Four Things To Know About Having A Pet Hedgehog

Hedgehogs are cuddly, intelligent animals that can be a great addition to your home. However, it is not a pet you should rush out and adopt. Here are some important things to know about hedgehogs first in order to determine if it is a good pet for your family. Hedgehogs Are Friendly With Regular Social Interaction Hedgehogs are not naturally friendly and social pets, but that doesn’t mean you can’t train them to be. It might be a little shy and not interested in interacting or playing much when you first bring it home. However, like many other pets, hedgehogs can be raised to be close to you. You want to be patient with the animal, using positive reinforcement when teaching it certain behaviors. Even if it doesn’t seek out attention from you, you should still pet it, play with it, and interact with it regularly. Don’t be concerned if it wants to spend most time with itself or other hedgehogs in the home; this is not unusual. They Need to be Handled Very Carefully Hedgehogs have prickly backs, so be very careful when handling it. If you surprise the hedgehog and grab it without warning, the animal might act defensively and roll up into a ball. This causes their entire body to be covered in pointy spines. It is best to leave it alone and approach it later on when it calms down. In the beginning, you might feel more comfortable holding and handling the animal with a small towel, though you will get used to the spines eventually. Soon, the hedgehog will become comfortable with you and won’t keep the spines out so often. Make sure you pet it in the right direction to avoid injuring yourself. Little Care is Required for Hedgehogs On the plus side, there isn’t a lot required of you when you adopt a hedgehog. They need regular food and water, and regular cleaning of their bed and potty area. Aside from that, all you need to do is give it enough attention and socialization. The animal does not need to be bathed often and you won’t have to let it outside or take it on walks. They also tend to be quiet, so there isn’t much to worry about there either. However, if you keep it in a cage, giving it a wheel and other toys is a good idea so it stays entertained. If the cage smells bad, it is probably time to clean it. Hedgehogs Are More Active at Night Hedgehogs are nocturnal by nature as their food sources are typically acquired at night. When you have one as a pet, don’t be surprised if it continues being more active and playful at night. You might hear it playing with its toys or running on the wheels at night more often than during the day. Make sure you have found a veterinarian that takes care of animals such as hedgehogs. See the veterinarian shortly after adopting the animal. To learn more, contact a veterinary clinic like Capitol Animal...

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How To Care For Multiple Dogs After They Have Been Spayed

Posted by on Feb 22, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on How To Care For Multiple Dogs After They Have Been Spayed

If you have more than one dog that you plan to have spayed at the same time, it is important to make sure that you know what to expect during the recovery period. It can be hard to know what to do when you have multiple puppies recovering because you have two puppies to handle at one time. The following guide walks you through a few things that you need to be sure to take into consideration when taking care of your dogs after they have been spayed. Keep the Dogs in Separate Kennels at Night When the dogs are recovering, you need to put them in separate kennels when they sleep to ensure that they do not pick at each others’ stitches. You do not want to let your dogs sleep in your bed or out in your home freely at night because you will not be able to rest assured that they are not chewing at each others’ stitches. Watch the Dogs at All Times Dogs can sometimes play rough with one another. Your dogs could accidentally scratch one another when they are wrestling at the incision sites. This could cause their stitches to become loose or cause the incision to become infected. Keep Their Cones On Until the Stitches Are Removed After surgery, cones will be placed around your dogs’ necks to keep them from being able to chew at their stitches. You want to be sure that you leave the cones in place until your dogs stitches are removed to ensure that they do not bite at the stitches. Once the stitches are removed, the incision will have healed and the vet will tell you if the cone can be removed. Take the Dogs Outside Separately When you take the dogs outside, be sure to take them individually. This allows you to monitor their bowel movements and how often they are each urinating. There are times when spaying a dog can cause them to become constipated and this may require medical attention after a few days. If you take both dogs outside at the same time, you may not be able to pay attention to both of their bowel movements and when they are urinating. If you follow these tips, you will be able to keep track of the health of both puppies and keep them as safe as possible during their recovery. If you feel that there is anything wrong with either puppy, take them to the vet–like the one from My Pet’s Vet Clinic–right away. If your vet is closed, you can take them to a 24-hour hospital to get the care that they need right...

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Tick Checking Tips For Your Dog

Posted by on Feb 11, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Tick Checking Tips For Your Dog

A walk in the woods can be a relaxing bit of exercise for both you and your dog, but in the spring and summer it can also put your dog at risk of tick exposures. These blood-sucking arachnids can transmit illnesses like Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, or anaplasmosis to your pet. One of the best defenses against these diseases is to check your dog thoroughly for ticks every day. The following tips can help you check for ticks more successfully. Tip #1: Get a Summer ‘Do Dogs with long or thick hair can be particularly hard to check. All this extra fur can also be hot and uncomfortable in warm weather. Solve both problems with a trip to the groomer. Have the groomer shorten and thin your dogs hair. Depending on how quickly your dog’s fur grows in, you may need to have this done every six weeks or so throughout the summer months. Tip #2: Gather the Right Tools A few tools help make a tick check easier: A light colored sheet A dog comb Treats A tick removal tool A bowl filled with peroxide or alcohol Alcohol pads Tip #3: Get Comfortable The best place to work is right on the floor. Place your dog on the light colored sheet. This sheet is a must because it allows you to spot a tick if it falls off of your dog during the check. If the ground is too uncomfortable, you can sit on cushion or stool. For smaller dogs, you can place the sheet on a table so you can stand and check. The key is not to have the dog on your lap, since that just exposes you to the tick if it is dropped. Tip #4: Keep It Methodical Start at the head and work your way down your dog’s body. Push the fur up against the grain, using the comb to help separate it as needed. Although you should be looking for ticks, you also need to use the pads of your fingers to feel for the small bumps that could indicate a tick. If you find one, separate the fur and check. If you see the small black or reddish brown bump of a tick, use your tick tool to pull it off and then drop it in the bowl of peroxide to kill it. Dab the area with an alcohol pad and continue your check. Just proceed carefully on your dogs stomach and make sure any dark bumps are actually ticks and not nipples! Monitor your dog throughout the tick season, especially if you do find ticks. If you notice a loss of appetite, lethargy, or any other health issues, take them in to the vet right away to get tested for a tick borne illness. To learn more, contact a clinic like Elizabethton Veterinary...

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Dealing With Your Bearded Dragon’s Pregnancy: What You Should Know And Watch Out For

Posted by on Feb 3, 2016 in Uncategorized | Comments Off on Dealing With Your Bearded Dragon’s Pregnancy: What You Should Know And Watch Out For

Bearded dragons are unique and interesting pets to keep. When you are the owner of a pair of bearded dragons, you are likely to find that whether you were trying to breed your bearded dragons or not, you will be doing so. When your female bearded dragon gets pregnant for the first time in your care, you may find yourself unsure of how to handle the situation or if there is anything you can or should do for her. Get to know what you should do and what you should look out for when your bearded dragon is pregnant and ready to lay eggs so that she is healthy and safe in the process. Be Sure She Is Getting Enough Calcium Just like humans and other animals, a pregnant bearded dragon needs to consume a sufficient amount of calcium during pregnancy to remain healthy. Calcium helps to keep your bearded dragon’s bones and body strong during pregnancy and during the egg laying process. If she does not have enough calcium, she may be too weak to lay all of the eggs inside her body, which can result in a syndrome known as retained eggs that can be dangerous to her health. To ensure she gets enough calcium, you will need to feed your bearded dragon foods that are rich in calcium as well as calcium supplements and multivitamins. A pet services specialist like your veterinarian or a pet pharmacy can get you the calcium supplements and multivitamins your bearded dragon needs while pregnant that are customized to their needs. The foods that you can give your bearded dragon that are high in calcium include green vegetables, squash, and kelp. You will also want to increase the number of insects like silkworms that you feed your pregnant bearded dragon as they also provide needed calcium.   Watch Out For A Prolapsed Cloaca And Retained Eggs When your beaded dragon begins the process of laying their eggs, it is much like when a person goes into labor as far as the muscle contractions and the strain on their body. It will take your bearded dragon a great deal of energy and effort to push out the eggs. And a clutch of eggs can include large numbers of eggs up to 24 or more in some clutches. As such, sometimes the strain can be too much for their body and issues can arise. One such issue is a prolapsed cloaca. The cloaca is the bodily orifice through which your bearded dragon will lay her eggs. If your bearded dragon strains too much to get those last few eggs out, they can suffer from a prolapsed cloaca. You will easily recognize this as you will see a large protrusion coming from their hind end. It will look something like a tumor or a piece of intestines outside the body and will require veterinary care and possibly surgery to correct. Retained eggs can also be a problem for your bearded dragon. This occurs when not all of the eggs in your bearded dragon’s body exit the body during the egg laying process. You can tell there are eggs retained by gently handling your bearded dragon and palpitating their abdomen. You will be able to feel the cylindrical lump of the egg and it may...

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